Cardiothoracic surgery deals with the diagnosis and management of the heart, lungs and oesophagus requiring surgery
General surgery is concerned with breast, vascular, liver and intestinal surgery.
Neurosurgery is concerned with the clinical management of patients with conditions in the central and peripheral nervous system which may be surgically treatable.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the mouth, jaws, face and neck.
Otolaryngology is concerned with disorders and diseases of the ear, nose and throat (ENT).
Paediatric surgery is concerned with diseases, trauma and malfunctions during childhood years (from an unborn baby to a teenager) and is the only surgical specialty which is defined by age rather than a specific condition.
Plastic and reconstructive surgery is concerned with repairing, reconstructing or replacing physical defects of form or function involving the skin, musculoskeletal system, head and facial structures, hand, breast or torso or cosmetic enhancement of these areas of the body.
Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery
Trauma and orthopaedic surgery is concerned with injuries, congenital and acquired disorders of the bones, joints and soft tissues including ligaments, nerves and muscles.
Urology is concerned with specific diseases and disorders of the male genitourinary and female urinary tract, including kidney, bladder and urinary problems and men’s sexual and reproductive health.